Prevalence, Distribution, Predictors, and Outcomes of Patients With Calcified Nodules in Native Coronary Arteries A 3-Vessel Intravascular Ultrasound Analysis From Providing Regional Observations to Study Predictors of Events in the Coronary Tree (PROSPECT)

YJ (Yan Juan) Xu, GS Mintz, A Tam, JA McPherson, A Iniguez, J Fajadet, M Fahy, G Weisz, B de Bruyne, PWJC (Patrick) Serruys, GW Stone, A Maehara

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Abstract

Background-Pathological studies suggest that calcified coronary nodules are a rare cause of thrombotic events. The frequency, distribution, predictors, and outcomes of calcified nodules have never been described. Methods and Results-After successful stenting in 697 patients (167 female; median age, 58.1 years) with acute coronary syndromes, 3-vessel gray-scale and virtual histology intravascular ultrasound was performed in the proximal-mid segments of all 3 coronary arteries as part of a prospective, multicenter study. On the basis of recent histological validation, an independent core laboratory identified calcified nodules as distinct calcification with an irregular, protruding, and convex luminal surf Conclusions-Calcified nodules in untreated nonculprit coronary segments in patients with acute coronary syndromes were more prevalent than previously recognized. Although their distribution mirrored the origin of most thrombotic events, calcified nodules caused fewer major adverse events during 3 years of follow-up. (Circulation. 2012;126:537-545.)
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)537-545
Number of pages9
JournalCirculation
Volume126
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Research programs

  • EMC COEUR-09

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