Prevalence, Factors Associated With, and Prognostic Effects of Preoperative Anemia on Short- and Long-Term Mortality in Patients Undergoing Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation

Rutger-jan Nuis, JM Sinning, J Rodes-Cabau, M Gotzmann, L van Garsse, J Kefer, J Bosmans, G Yong, AE Dager, A Revilla-Orodea, M Urena, G Nickenig, N Werner, J Maessen, P Astarci, S Perez, LM Benitez, IJ Amat-Santos, J Lopez, E DumontNicolas van Mieghem, Teun Gelder, Ron van Domburg, Peter de Jaegere

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Abstract

Background There is scant information on the prevalence and factors associated with preoperative anemia in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and whether it is associated with mortality. We sought to determine the prevalence and factors associated with preoperative anemia in addition to the prognostic effects of the various levels of preoperative hemoglobin level on mortality in patients undergoing TAVI. Methods and Results Ten-center observational study encompassing 1696 patients with aortic stenosis who underwent TAVI was conducted. Anemia was defined by the World Health Organization criteria (hemoglobin <12.0 g/dL in women and <13.0 g/dL in men). The prevalence of preoperative anemia was 57%. Patient-related factors associated with preoperative anemia were (descending order of odds ratio [95% confidence interval]) as follows: anemia-related medication (4.90 [3.08-7.80]), history of heart fail Conclusions Preoperative anemia is prevalent in >50% of patients undergoing TAVI. Various baseline factors were related to anemia, which in turn was associated with 1-year mortality. Patients with anemia received more transfusions but mostly for indications unrelated to overt bleeding, whereas transfusion was independently associated with both early and 1-year mortality. These findings indicate that optimization of baseline factors related to preoperative anemia, in addition to more strict crite
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)625-634
Number of pages10
JournalCirculation-cardiovascular interventions
Volume6
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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