Prevalence of pain and its treatment among older adults in India: A nationally representative population-based study

Sanjay K. Mohanty*, Mayanka Ambade, Ashish Kumar Upadhyay, Radhe Shyam Mishra, Sarang P. Pedgaonkar, Fabrice Kampfen, Owen O'Donnell, Jürgen Maurer

*Corresponding author for this work

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2 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

There were no estimates of the prevalence of pain and its treatment in the older population of India obtained from face-to-face interviews with a nationally representative sample. We addressed this evidence gap by using data on 63,931 individuals aged 45 years and older from the 2017/2018 Longitudinal Ageing Study in India. We identified pain from an affirmative response to the question: Are you often troubled by pain? We also identified those who reported pain that limited usual activities and who received treatment for pain. We estimated age- and sex-adjusted prevalence of pain, pain limiting usual activity and treatment, and compared these estimates across states and sociodemographic groups. We used a multivariable probit model to estimate full adjusted differences in the probability of each outcome across states and sociodemographic groups. We estimated that 36.6% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 35.3-37.8) of older adults in India were often troubled by pain and 25.2% (95% CI: 24.2-26.1) experienced pain limiting usual activity. We estimated that 73.3% (95% CI: 71.9-74.6) of those often troubled by pain and 76.4% (95% CI: 74.9-78.0) of those with pain that limited usual activity received treatment. There was large variation in each outcome across states. Fully adjusted prevalence of pain and pain limiting usual activity were higher among individuals who were female, older, less educated, rural residents, and poorer. Prevalence of treatment among those troubled by pain was lower among socially disadvantaged groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-348
Number of pages13
JournalPain
Volume164
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright: © Copyright 2022 by the International Association for the Study of Pain. Unauthorized reproduction of this article is prohibited.

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