Primary therapy of Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia (WM) with weekly bortezomib, low-dose dexamethasone, and rituximab (BDR): long-term results of a phase 2 study of the European Myeloma Network (EMN)

MA Dimopoulos, R Garcia-Sanz, M Gavriatopoulou, P Morel, MC Kyrtsonis, E Michalis, Z Kartasis, X Leleu, G Palladini, A Tedeschi, D Gika, G Merlini, E Kastritis, Pieter Sonneveld

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Abstract

In this phase 2 multicenter trial, we evaluated the activity of bortezomib, dexamethasone, and rituximab (BDR) combination in previously untreated symptomatic patients with Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia (WM). To prevent immunoglobulin M (IgM) "flare," single agent bortezomib (1.3 mg/m(2) IV days 1, 4, 8, and 11; 21-day cycle), was followed by weekly IV bortezomib (1.6 mg/m(2) days 1, 8, 15, and 22) every 35 days for 4 additional cycles, followed by IV dexamethasone (40mg) and IV rituximab (375mg/m(2)) in cycles 2 and 5. Fifty-nine patients were treated; 45.5% and 40% were high and intermediate risk per the International Prognostic Scoring System for WM. On intent to treat, 85% responded (3% complete response, 7% very good partial response, 58% partial response [PR]). In 11% of patients, an increase of IgM >= 25% was observed after rituximab; no patient required plasmapheresis. After a minimum follow-up of 32 months, median progression-free survival was 42 months, 3-year duration of response for patients with >= PR was 70%, and 3-year survival was 81%. Peripheral neuropathy occurred in 46% (grade >= 3 in 7%); only 8% discontinued bortezomib due to neuropathy. BDR is rapidly acting, well tolerated, and nonmyelotoxic, inducing durable responses in previously untreated WM.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)3276-3282
Number of pages7
JournalBlood
Volume122
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Research programs

  • EMC MM-02-41-03

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