Professions legítimes i crim organitzat (Legitimate occupations and illegal markets)

Karin van Wingerde, Henk Bunt, K Huisman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

We now have a voluminous and evergrowing anthology of literature on criminality that explains the link between crime and work. Despite this, the precise nature of this connection is still often ambiguous. In this article, we explore the links between organised crime and legitimate occupations. Taking the analysis of the forty most recent cases from the Dutch Organised Crime Observatory as our starting point, we can distinguish between two types of relationships that connect organised crime and legitimate occupations. Firstly, crimes can be specific to the offender’s job when it of offers concrete opportunities to commit a crime or help others to commit a crime. Secondly, the occupation of the offender can act as a shield to conceal illegal conduct or the identity of the offender. Existeix una antologia —voluminosa I encara creixent— de la literatura delictiva que explica el vincle entre delicte i treball. Malgrat això, la naturalesa exacta d’aquest nexe sovint és ambigua. En aquest article explorem els vincles entre el crim organitzat i les professions legítimes. Basant-nos en l’anàlisi dels quaranta casos més recents de l’Observatori Holandès del Crim Organitzat, distingim entre dos tipus de relacions que connecten el crim organitzat i les professions legítimes. Primerament, els delictes poden basar-se en la professio de l’infractor quan aquesta ofereix oportunitats concretes de delinquir o afavoreix els delictes d’altres. En segon lloc, la professio de l’infractor pot servir d’escut per a ocultar la conducta il•legal o la identitat d’aquest infractor.
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)101-116
Number of pages16
JournalRevista Catalana de Seguretat Publica
Volume24
Issue numberMaig (May) 2011
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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