Progression-free survival and overall survival after BRCA1/2-associated epithelial ovarian cancer: A matched cohort study

Bernadette A.M. Heemskerk-Gerritsen*, Antoinette Hollestelle, Christi J. van Asperen, Irma van den Beek, Willemien J. van Driel, Klaartje van Engelen, Encarna B.Gómez Garcia, Joanne A. de Hullu, Marco J. Koudijs, Marian J.E. Mourits, Maartje J. Hooning, Ingrid A. Boere

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Introduction Germline BRCA1/2-associated epithelial ovarian cancer has been associated with better progression-free survival and overall survival than sporadic epithelial ovarian cancer, but conclusive data are lacking. Methods We matched 389 BRCA1-associated and 123 BRCA2-associated epithelial ovarian cancer patients 1:1 to sporadic epithelial ovarian cancer patients on year of birth, year of diagnosis, and FIGO stage (< = IIA/> = IIB). Germline DNA test was performed before or after epithelial ovarian cancer diagnosis. All patients received chemotherapy. We used Cox proportional hazards models to estimate the associations between mutation status (BRCA1 or BRCA2 versus sporadic) and progression-free survival and overall survival. To investigate whether DNA testing after epithelial ovarian cancer diagnosis resulted in survival bias, we performed additional analyses limited to BRCA1/2-associated epithelial ovarian cancer patients with a DNA test result before cancer diagnosis (n = 73 BRCA1; n = 9 BRCA2) and their matched sporadic controls. Results The median follow-up was 4.4 years (range 0.1-30.1). During the first three years after epithelial ovarian cancer diagnosis, progression-free survival was better for BRCA1 (HR 0.88, 95% CI 0.74-1.04) and BRCA2 (HR 0.58, 95% CI 0.41-0.81) patients than for sporadic patients. Overall survival was better during the first six years after epithelial ovarian cancer for BRCA1 (HR 0.7, 95% CI 0.58-0.84) and BRCA2 (HR 0.41, 95% CI 0.29-0.59) patients. After surviving these years, survival benefits disappeared or were in favor of the sporadic patients. Conclusion For epithelial ovarian cancer patients who received chemotherapy, we confirmed survival benefit for BRCA1 and BRCA2 germline pathogenic variant carriers. This may indicate higher sensitivity to chemotherapy, both in first line treatment and in the recurrent setting. The observed benefit appears to be limited to a relatively short period after epithelial ovarian cancer diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0275015
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume17
Issue number9 September
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Sep 2022

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Publisher Copyright: © 2022 Heemskerk-Gerritsen et al.

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