Protein arginine methyltransferases PRMT1, PRMT4/CARM1 and PRMT5 have distinct functions in control of osteoblast differentiation

Parisa Dashti, Eric A. Lewallen, Jonathan A.R. Gordon, Martin A. Montecino, Johannes P.T.M. van Leeuwen, Gary S. Stein, Bram C.J. van der Eerden*, James R. Davie*, Andre J. van Wijnen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal cells is controlled by epigenetic enzymes that regulate post-translational modifications of histones. Compared to acetyl or methyltransferases, the physiological functions of protein arginine methyltransferases (PRMTs) in osteoblast differentiation remain minimally understood. Therefore, we surveyed the expression and function of all nine mammalian PRMT members during osteoblast differentiation. RNA-seq gene expression profiling shows that Prmt1, Prmt4/Carm1 and Prmt5 represent the most prominently expressed PRMT subtypes in mouse calvarial bone and MC3T3 osteoblasts as well as human musculoskeletal tissues and mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). Based on effects of siRNA depletion, it appears that PRMT members have different functional effects: (i) loss of Prmt1 stimulates and (ii) loss of Prmt5 decreases calcium deposition of mouse MC3T3 osteoblasts, while (iii) loss of Carm1 is inconsequential for calcium deposition. Decreased Prmt5 suppresses expression of multiple genes involved in mineralization (e.g., Alpl, Ibsp, Phospho1) consistent with a positive role in osteogenesis. Depletion of Prmt1, Carm1 and Prmt5 has intricate but modest time-dependent effects on the expression of a panel of osteoblast differentiation and proliferation markers but does not change mRNA levels for select epigenetic regulators (e.g., Ezh1, Ezh2, Brd2 and Brd4). Treatment with the Class I PRMT inhibitor GSK715 enhances extracellular matrix mineralization of MC3T3 cells, while blocking formation of H3R17me2a but not H4R3me2a marks. In sum, Prmt1, Carm1 and Prmt5 have distinct biological roles during osteoblast differentiation, and different types histone H3 and H4 arginine methylation may contribute to the chromatin landscape during osteoblast differentiation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101704
JournalBone Reports
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This publication was made possible through internal funding of Erasmus University Medical Center (to BCJvdE), the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases ( R01 AR069049 to AvW & R01AR039588 to GSS), as well as the CancerCare Manitoba Foundation ( 761020451 to JD).

Publisher Copyright: © 2023 The Authors


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