Protein phosphatase 2b dual function facilitates synaptic integrity and motor learning

Zhanmin Lin, Bin Wu, Maarten W. Paul, Ka Wan Li, Yao Yao, Ihor Smal, Martina Proietti Onori, Hana Hasanbegovic, Karel Bezstarosti, Jeroen Demmers, Adriaan B. Houtsmuller, Erik Meijering, Freek E. Hoebeek, Martijn Schonewille, August B. Smit*, Zhenyu Gao, Chris I. de Zeeuw

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Protein phosphatase 2B (PP2B) is critical for synaptic plasticity and learning, but the molecular mechanisms involved remain unclear. Here we identified different types of proteins that interact with PP2B, including various structural proteins of the postsynaptic densities (PSDs) of Purkinje cells (PCs) in mice. Deleting PP2B reduced expression of PSD proteins and the relative thickness of PSD at the parallel fiber to PC synapses, whereas reexpression of inactive PP2B partly restored the impaired distribution of nanoclusters of PSD proteins, together indicating a structural role of PP2B. In contrast, lateral mobility of surface glutamate receptors solely depended on PP2B phosphatase activity. Finally, the level of motor learning covaried with both the enzymatic and nonenzymatic functions of PP2B. Thus, PP2B controls synaptic function and learning both through its action as a phosphatase and as a structural protein that facilitates synapse integrity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5579-5594
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume41
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2021

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