Proton pump inhibitor therapy in gastro-oesophageal reflux disease decreases the oesophageal immune response but does not reduce the formation of DNA adducts

Pieter Jan de Jonge, PD (Peter) Siersema, SGJ Van Breda, KPM van Zoest, DJ Bac, I (Ivonne) Leeuwenburgh, RJT Ouwendijk, H (Herman) van Dekken, JG (Johannes) Kusters, Ernst Kuipers

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Background Chronic oesophageal inflammation and related oxidative stress are important in the pathogenesis of erosive oesophagitis (EO) and its malignant progression. Aim To study the effect of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) on oesophageal cellular immune response and oxidative damage in EO patients. Methods Forty gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) patients [non-erosive reflux disease (NERD): 15, EO: 25] were included, after 7 days off antisuppressive drugs. EO patients were randomized to 20-mg rabeprazole once daily for either 4 or 8 weeks with baseline and follow-up endoscopy with distal oesophageal biopsies. T lymphocytes, macrophages and mast cells were quantified by immunohistochemistry. DNA adducts were measured by analysis of 8-oxo-deoxyguanosine levels. Results Erosive oesophagitis patients had more T lymphocytes and CD8(+) T lymphocytes in squamous epithelium than NERD patients (P = 0.001, P = 0.002, respectively). Levels of DNA adducts between both groups were, however, not different (P = 0.99). Four- and eight-week rabeprazole treatment in EO patients resulted in a significant decrease in number of T lymphocytes and CD8(+) T lymphocytes (all P < 0.05). PPIs did not, however, affect levels of DNA adducts. Conclusions Short-term PPI therapy in EO patients reduces the oesophageal cellular immune response, but does not change oxidative damage. PPI therapy may therefore not be effective in reducing the risk of oesophageal cancer in GERD patients.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)127-136
Number of pages10
JournalAlimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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  • EMC MM-03-24-01
  • EMC MM-04-20-01

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