Psychosexual Well-Being after Childhood Surgery for Anorectal Malformation or Hirschsprung's Disease

Desiree Hondel, C.E.J. Sloots, Hanneke Bolt, Rene Wijnen, I de Blaauw, Hanneke IJsselstijn

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Abstract

IntroductionAnorectal malformations (ARMs) and Hirschsprung's disease (HD) are congenital malformations requiring pelvic floor surgery in early childhood, with possible sequelae for psychosexual development. AimsTo assess psychosexual well-being in adult ARM and HD patients related to health-related quality of life. MethodsEligible for this cross-sectional two-center study were all patients aged 18 years who had been operated for ARM or HD. Exclusion criteria were intellectual disability, comorbidity affecting sexual functioning, and cloacal malformation. Main Outcome MeasuresParticipants completed the International Index of Erectile Functioning, Female Sexual Functioning Index, Female Sexual Distress Scale, Hirschsprung and Anorectal Malformation Quality of Life Questionnaire, and sexual education questionnaire. ResultsResponse rates were 32% and 37% for ARM and HD patients, respectively. We studied 70 participating ARM and 36 HD patients (median age 26 years). We excluded 10 patients with sexual inactivity in the past 4 weeks. Six of 37 men with ARM (16%) reported moderate to severe erectile dysfunction, vs. two of 18 men with HD (11%). Thirteen and 10 of 26 women with ARM (50% and 38%) reported sexual dysfunction or sexual distress, respectively, vs. eight and three of 15 women with HD (53% and 20%). Quality of life and type of malformation or operation were not associated with self-reported psychosexual problems. Addressing sexuality with special interest to the congenital anomaly during medical care was reported to be insufficient by 42 ARM (60%) and 22 HD patients (61%). ConclusionApproximately 13% of male ARM and HD patients reported erectile dysfunction, while 50% female ARM and HD patients reported sexual dysfunction not related to quality of life or type of malformation. Both ARM and HD patients felt a need for better addressing sexual concerns during medical care. Further research is needed to optimize form and timing of this education. van den Hondel D, Sloots CEJ, Bolt JM, Wijnen RMH, de Blaauw I, and IJsselstijn H. Psychosexual well-being after childhood surgery for anorectal malformation or Hirschsprung's disease. J Sex Med 2015;12:1616-1625.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1616-1625
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Sexual Medicine
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Research programs

  • EMC MGC-02-53-01-A

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