Quality of Life After Adjuvant Intra-Arterial Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy Versus Surgery Alone in Resectable Pancreatic and Periampullary Cancer A Prospective Randomized Controlled Study

Marjolein Morak, CJ (Chulja) Pek, Erwin Kompanje, Hop, G Kazemier, Casper van Eijck

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Adjuvant therapies for pancreatic and periampullary cancer reportedly achieve only a marginal survival benefit. In this randomized controlled trial, 120 patients with resected pancreatic or periampullary cancer received either adjuvant celiac axis infusion chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy (CAI/RT) or no adjuvant treatment. The objective of the study was to compare the quality of life (QoL) in patients who received CAI/RT after pancreatoduodenectomy with the QoL in patients who did not receive adjuvant treatment. METHODS: During and after CAI/RT, QoL was assessed using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer GoL Questionnaire C30 every 3 months during the first 24 months after randomization. RESULTS: Eighty-six percent of patients (n=103) completed I or more questionnaires. In total, 355 questionnaires were completed. The results indicated that CAI/RT did not impair physical, emotional, or social functioning. During and after CAI/RT, patients had significantly less pain (P=.02) and less nausea and vomiting (P=.01). Overall QoL (global functioning) tended to be better (P=.08) after CAI/RT. CONCLUSIONS: Over a period of 24 months, CAI/RT improved QoL compared with observation alone in patients with resected pancreatic and periampullary cancer. This beneficial effect of CAI/RT was most prominent in the latter half of the follow-up. Cancer 2010;116:830-6. (C) 2010 American Cancer Society.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)830-836
Number of pages7
JournalCancer
Volume116
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Research programs

  • EMC MM-03-47-02-A
  • EMC MM-03-47-11
  • EMC MM-04-47-07
  • EMC NIHES-01-66-01

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