Quantitative CT imaging analysis to predict pathology features in patients with a Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation

Sergei M. Hermelijn, Maarten J. Mackenbach, Cathy van Horik, Pierluigi Ciet, Janina L. Wolf, Jan H. von der Thüsen, René M.H. Wijnen, Harm A.W.M. Tiddens, J. Marco Schnater*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
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Background: Risk for infection and potential malignant degeneration are the most common arguments for resecting asymptomatic Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformations (CPAM). We aimed to investigate if CT- imaging characteristics can be used to predict histopathological features, by using an objective quantitative CT scoring method. Methods: Archival CPAM tissue samples were histologically re-assessed and patients who had a pre-operative volumetric CT-scan were included. Lung disease was quantified using the newly-developed congenital lung abnormality quantification(CLAQ) scoring method and obtained percentages were used to predict histopathological signs of inflammation and presence of mucinous proliferation (MP). Because MP is presumed a precursor for mucinous adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) this method was also used to compare CT-scans of patients with AIS to those with only CPAM. Results: Thirty-three CPAM patients were included of which 13(39%) had histological signs of inflammation and 8(24%) had a MP. Patients with inflammation had a significantly smaller lesion (14% vs 38%) while those with MP had more extensive disease (54%vs17%). Patients with AIS had a significantly smaller lesion compared to CPAM patients (5%vs29%). Significant predictors for inflammation were smaller lesion size and percentage hypodensity within lesions while a larger lesion size and percentage parenchymal hyperdensity (solid lung tissue components) were predictors for MP as well as AIS. Conclusions: Smaller CPAM lesions may be more susceptible to inflammation while larger lesions may be associated with the presence of MP. Parenchymal hyperdensity is found as a predictor for MP as well as AIS and should therefore elicit more extensive gross sampling. Level of evidence: Level III.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1567-1572
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Issue number8
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 14 Oct 2021

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