Real-Time Coded Excitation Imaging Using a CMUT-Based Side Looking Array for Intravascular Ultrasound

Reza Pakdaman Zangabad*, Johan G. Bosch, Frits Mastik, Robert H.S.H. Beurskens, Vincent A. Henneken, Johannes W. Weekamp, Antonius F.W. Van Der Steen, Gijs Van Soest

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
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Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is a well-established diagnostic method that provides images of the vessel wall and atherosclerotic plaques. We investigate the potential for phased-array IVUS utilizing coded excitation (CE) for improving the penetration depth and image signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). It is realized on a new experimental broadband capacitive micromachined ultrasound transducer (CMUT) array, operated in collapse mode, with 96 elements placed at the circumference of a catheter tip with a 1.2- {mm} diameter. We characterized the array performance for CE imaging and showed that the -6-dB device bandwidth at a 30-V dc biasing is 25 MHz with a 20-MHz center frequency, with a transmit sensitivity of 37 kPa/V at that frequency. We designed a linear frequency modulation code to improve penetration depth by compensating for high-frequency attenuation while preserving resolution by a mismatched filter reconstruction. We imaged a wire phantom and a human coronary artery plaque. By assessing the image quality of the reconstructed wire phantom image, we achieved 60- and 70- mu{mathrm {m}} axial resolutions using the short pulse and coded signal, respectively, and gained 8 dB in SNR for CE. Our developed system shows 20-frames/s, pixel-based beam-formed, real-time IVUS images.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9336716
Pages (from-to)2048-2058
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

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