Real-world management of testicular torsion: Level of adherence to the EAU Pediatric Urology guidelines

Thomas van Doeveren*, Bhaskar K. Somani, Lisette A. ′t Hoen, Stefan M. Haensel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
19 Downloads (Pure)


Background: Testicular torsion is the most frequent cause of irreversible ischemia to the testis. Despite guidelines being available, challenges remain in both diagnosis and management of the disease. Objective: This study aims to determine the adherence of urologists and residents in urology to the European Association of Urology (EAU) Pediatric Guideline on Testicular torsion. Study design: Both Dutch and European urologists, and residents in urology filled in a survey on testicular torsion. Information on demographics, diagnostics, and treatment modalities was retrieved from the questionnaire based on the EAU Guideline on Paediatric Urology. Results: A total of 303 responders participated, of which 214 (71%) were from The Netherlands. Most (61%) responders treated three or more cases of testicular torsion in 2020. Ultrasound was used by 64%, followed by an attempt of manual detorsion by 38% (Summary Fig.). Importantly, 23% preferred not to perform emergency surgery after successful manual detorsion. A Winkelmann procedure was performed by 23%, without fixation of the test is using suture material. A large group of responders (30%) only fixed the contralateral testis by a proven testicular torsion. Discussion: A feasible adherence to the EAU Guideline on Paediatric Urology in treating testicular torsion was reported using this survey, although not all recommendations are implemented as proposed. The fact that outcomes of the different diagnostic and treatment modalities are lacking might be a limitation in interpreting the results of this survey. Conclusion: Majority of the responders followed the EAU Guideline on Paediatric Urology in the diagnosis and treatment of testicular torsion. Ultrasound might contribute to diagnosing testicular torsion as long as this does not cause any delay for surgical exploration. Surprisingly, many urologists do not perform a surgical fixation of the testis after detorsion. Since a wide range of techniques and materials is used in case of surgical fixation, the guideline may provide in preferences for a unified policy among urologists.[Formula

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-124
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pediatric Urology
Issue number1
Early online date23 Sept 2022
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s)


Dive into the research topics of 'Real-world management of testicular torsion: Level of adherence to the EAU Pediatric Urology guidelines'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this