Regulation of the epithelial Ca2+ channels in small intestine as studied by quantitative mRNA detection

Monique Van Abel, Joost G.J. Hoenderop, Annemiete W.C.M. Van der Kemp, Johannes P.T.M. Van Leeuwen, René J.M. Bindels*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

176 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The epithelial Ca2+ channels TRPV5 and TRPV6 are localized to the brush border membrane of intestinal cells and constitute the postulated rate-limiting entry step of active Ca2+ absorption. The aim of the present study was to investigate the hormonal regulation of these channels. To this end, the effect of 17β-estradiol (17β-E2), 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3], and dietary Ca2+ on the expression of the duodenal Ca2+ transport proteins was investigated in vivo and analyzed using realtime quantitative PCR. Supplementation with 17β-E2 increased duodenal gene expression of TRPV5 and TRPV6 but also calbindin-D9K and plasma membrane Ca2+-ATPase (PMCA1b) in ovariectomized rats. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3-1α hydroxylase (1α-OHase) knockout mice are characterized by hyperparathyroidism, rickets, hypocalcemia, and undetectable levels of 1,25(OH)2D3 and were used to study the 1,25(OH)2D3-dependency of the stimulatory effects of 17β-E2. Treatment with 17β-E2 upregulated mRNA levels of duodenal TRPV6 in these 1α-OHase knockout mice, which was accompanied by increased serum Ca2+ concentrations from 1.69 ± 0.10 to 2.03 ± 0.12 mM (P < 0.05). In addition, high dietary Ca2+ intake normalized serum Ca2+ in these mice and upregulated expression of genes encoding the duodenal Ca2+ transport proteins except for PMCA1b. Supplementation with 1,25(OH)2D3 resulted in increased expression of TRPV6, calbindin-D9K, and PMCA1b and normalization of serum Ca2+. Expression levels of duodenal TRPV5 mRNA are below detection limits in these 1α-OHase knockout mice, but supplementation with 1,25(OH)2D3 upregulated the expression to significant levels. In conclusion, TRPV5 and TRPV6 are regulated by 17β-E2 and 1,25(OH)2D3, whereas dietary Ca2+ is positively involved in the regulation of TRPV6 only.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)G78-G85
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume285
Issue number1 48-1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2003

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