Reoperations on the pulmonary autograft and pulmonary homograft after the Ross procedure: An update on the German Dutch Ross Registry

EI Charitos, Hanneke Takkenberg, T Hanke, A Gorski, C Botha, U Franke, A Dodge-Khatami, J Hoerer, R Lange, A Moritz, K Ferrari-Kuehne, R Hetzer, M Huebler, Ad Bogers, U Stierle, HH Sievers, W Hemmer

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Objectives: Reinterventions after the Ross procedure are a concern for patients and treating physicians. The scope of the present report was to provide an update on the reinterventions observed in the large patient population of the German-Dutch Ross Registry. Patients and Methods: From 1988 to 2011, 2023 patients (age, 39.05 +/- 16.5 years; male patients, 1502; adults, 1642) underwent a Ross procedure in 13 centers. The mean follow-up was 7.1 +/- 4.6 years (range, 0-22 years; 13,168 patient-years). Results: In the adult population, 120 autograft reinterventions in 113 patients (1.03%/patient-year) and 76 homograft reinterventions in 67 patients (0.65%/patient-year) and, in the pediatric population, 14 autograft reinterventions in 13 patients (0.91%/patient-year) and 42 homograft reinterventions in 31 patients (2.72%/patient-year) were observed. Of the autograft and homograft reinterventions, 17.9% and 21.2% were performed because of endocarditis, respectively. The subcoronary technique in Conclusions: The autograft principle remains a valid option for young patients requiring aortic valve replacement. The risk of reoperation depends largely on the surgical technique used and the preoperative hemodynamics. Center experience and expertise also influence the long-term results. Adequate endocarditis prophylaxis might further reduce the need for reoperation. (J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2012; 144: 813-23)
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)813-823
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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