Residual atherothrombotic material after stenting in acute myocardial infarction - An optical coherence tomographic evaluation

Michael Magro, Evelyn Regar, Juan Gutierrez Chico, Hector Garcia Garcia, Cihan Simsek, Carl Schultz, Felix Zijlstra, PWJC (Patrick) Serruys, Robert Jan van Geuns

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Background: Thrombus aspiration (TA) in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) results in a better myocardial perfusion. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) after stenting in STEMI, however, often reveals residual atherothrombotic material. We assessed the feasibility of quantification of residual atherothrombotic burden and its relation to indices of myocardial perfusion. The effect of TA on residual in-stent atherothrombotic burden (ATB) is explored. Methods and results: Forty patients with STEMI within 12 h of symptom onset, underwent OCT after stent implantation. No complication related to the invasive imaging was detected and all cases had good image quality. All 40 cases revealed ATB (median, range; 2.85, 0.08-8.84) despite an optimal angiographic result. Patients were divided into two groups according to the ATB: >= 4=ATB(high) (n=15) and <4=ATB(low) (n=25). Patients with ATB(low) more often obtained a myocardial blush grade (MBG) of 2/ Conclusions: OCT can be safely performed in patients presenting for primary PCI and allows quantification of residual atherothrombotic material, the amount of which is associated with worse myocardial perfusion. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)656-663
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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