Restricción de movilidad y salud mental entre adultos jóvenes durante la pandemia de COVID-19 en Ecuador

Translated title of the contribution: Mobility restrictions and mental health among young adults during the COVID-19 pandemic in Ecuador

Tannia Valeria Carpio-Arias, Jefferson Santiago Piedra-Andrade, Tomás Marcelo Nicolalde-Cifuentes, María Victoria Padilla-Samaniego, Estephany Carolina Tapia-Veloz, María Fernanda Vinueza-Veloz*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
58 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Objective: To study the association between mobility restriction and mental health outcomes among Ecuadorian young adults. Method: The present is a cross-sectional study that included a non-probabilistic sample of mostly highly educated young adults. Socio-demographic and mental health data were collected through an online survey, between May and June 2020, when confinement was mandatory in Ecuador. Data on mobility was extracted from Google Community Mobility Reports. Four aspects of the participants’ mental health were evaluated: eating behavior (emotional eating), depression, sleep quality and sense of coherence as a proxy of resilience, using previously validated instruments. Data were analyzed using multiple linear regression models in R. Results: Sample included 8426 young adults, with a mean age of 22.85 (standard deviation: 4.43), most of whom were women (n = 5943, 70.53%). During mandatory confinement, in Ecuador mobility in general was reduced by nearly 50% in comparison to January/February, 2020. Less healthy eating behavior, depression, worse sleep quality and lower sense of coherence were associated with higher mobility restriction to workplaces and groceries/pharmacies. Women and youngsters more often showed depression, less healthy eating behavior, worse quality of sleep and lower sense of coherence in comparison with men and older respondents. Conclusions: Mobility restrictions during COVID-19 pandemic were associated with worse self-reported mental health in a sample of young highly-educated Ecuadorian adults. Women and youngsters were the most affected. Our findings highlight the need of implementing health promotion measures directed to ameliorate the effects of confinement on mental health, focusing on women and youngsters.

Translated title of the contributionMobility restrictions and mental health among young adults during the COVID-19 pandemic in Ecuador
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)512-519
Number of pages8
JournalGaceta Sanitaria
Volume36
Issue number6
Early online date8 Feb 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022

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