Reversal of pulmonary vascular remodeling in pulmonary hypertensive rats

Ilona Sluiter, A van Heijst, Remco Haasdijk, Marjon Buscop - van Kempen, Anne Boerema - de Munck, Irwin Reiss, Dick Tibboel, Robbert Rottier

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pulmonary hypertension is responsible for significant mortality and morbidity among newborns and infants. The pathology is characterized by pulmonary vascular remodeling with medial hypertrophy and adventitial thickening, leading to decreased gas exchange. Since it is unknown if these abnormalities are reversible, we analyzed these vascular changes in pulmonary hypertensive rats. Exposure of rats to hypobaric hypoxia for 4 weeks induced clinical signs of pulmonary hypertension, such as increased right ventricular systolic pressure, increased right ventricular weight and considerable pulmonary vascular remodeling. The vascular changes were associated with the expression of Non -Muscle Myosin Heavy Chain B in the pre-acinar vessels and an increased expression of alpha Smooth Muscle Actin, Smooth Muscle Myosin Heavy Chain 2 and Calponin in the intra-acinar vessels. The righ Development of pulmonary hypertension is associated with an increase of synthetic perivascular cells in the pre-acinar arteries and an aberrant differentiation of perivascular cells in the smallest intra-acinar arteries. These cellular and structural changes in the pulmonary vasculature are completely reversible after recovery in normoxia. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)66-73
Number of pages8
JournalExperimental & Molecular Pathology
Volume93
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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