Risk Factors, Dynamics, and Clinical Consequences of Aortic Neck Dilatation after Standard Endovascular Aneurysm Repair

Nelson F.G. Oliveira*, José Oliveira-Pinto, Marie J. van Rijn, Sara Baart, Sander Ten Raa, Sanne E. Hoeks, Frederico Bastos Gonçalves, Hence J.M. Verhagen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Aortic neck dilatation (AND) occurs after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) with self expanding stent grafts (SESs). Whether it continues, ultimately exceeding the endograft diameter leading to abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) rupture, remains uncertain. Dynamics, risk factors, and clinical relevance of AND were investigated after EVAR with standard SESs. Methods: All intact EVAR patients treated from 2000 to 2015 at a tertiary institution were included. Demographic, anatomical, and device related characteristics were investigated as risk factors for AND. Outer to outer diameters were measured at a single standardised aortic level on reconstructed computed tomography (CT) images. Results: A total of 460 patients were included (median follow up 5.2 years, interquartile range [IQR] 3.0, 7.7 years; CT imaging follow up 3.3 years, IQR 1.3, 5.4). Baseline neck diameter was 24 mm (IQR 22, 26) and increased 11.1% (IQR 1.5%, 21.9%) at last CT imaging. Endograft oversizing was 20.0% (IQR 13.6, 28.0). AND was greater during the first year (5.2% [IQR 0, 11.7]) decreasing subsequently (two to four years to 1.4%/year [IQR 0.0, 4.5%], p ≤ .001) and was associated with suprarenal fixation endografts (t value = 7.9, p < .001) and oversizing (t value = 4.4, p < .001). AND exceeding the endograft was 3.5% (95% CI 2.2% – 4.8%) and 14.4% (95% CI 11.0% – 17.8%) at five and eight years, respectively. Excessive AND was associated with baseline neck diameter (OR 1.2/mm, 95% CI 1.05 – 1.41) while the Excluder endograft had a protective effect (OR 0.15, 95% CI 0.04 – 0.58). Excessive AND was associated with type 1A endoleak (HR 3.3, 95% CI 1.1 – 9.7) and endograft migration > 5 mm (HR 3.1, 95% CI 1.4 – 6.9). Conclusion: AND after EVAR with SES is associated with endograft oversizing and radial force but decelerates after the first post-operative year. Baseline aortic neck diameter and suprarenal stent bearing endografts were associated with an increased risk of AND beyond nominal stent graft diameter. However, it remains unclear whether patient selection, differences in endograft radial force or the suprarenal stent are accountable for this difference.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-35
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Volume62
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2021

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