Risk indicators of elder mistreatment in the community

Hannie C. Comijs, Johannes H. Smit, Anne Margriet Pot, Lex M. Bouter, Cees Jonker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


This study examined risk indicators of chronic verbal aggression, physical aggression, and financial mistreatment in a population-based sample of 1,797 independently living elderly in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Included were socio-demographic characteristics, physical and psychological health, and functional capacity. The data were collected using standardized interviews that took place in the homes of the respondents. The results showed that chronic verbal aggression was associated with an elder living with a partner or other(s) and in poor or bad health. Physical aggression was associated with an elder living with a partner or other(s) and having depressive symptoms. Finally, financial mistreatment was associated with being male, living alone, being partially dependent in instrumental activities of daily living and having depressive symptoms. The results indicate that the risk indicators of victims of financial mistreatment differ from those of chronic verbal aggression and physical aggression, suggesting that financial mistreatment may occur more often as a single form of abuse whereas verbal and physical aggression may more frequently occur together.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-76
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Elder Abuse and Neglect
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1998


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