Risk of recurrent myocardial infarction with the concomitant use of clopidogrel and proton pump inhibitors

Vera Valkhoff, Geert Jong, Eva Soest, Ernst Kuipers, MCJM Sturkenboom

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P>Background The association between myocardial infarction (MI) and co-administration of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and clopidogrel remains controversial. Aim To quantify the association between concomitant use of PPIs and clopidogrel and occurrence of recurrent MI. Methods We conducted a case-control study within a cohort of acute MI patients in PHARMO Record Linkage System (1999-2008). The cases were patients readmitted for MI. PPI exposure was categorized as current (3-1 days before MI), past (30-3 days before MI), or no use (> 30 days before MI). We used conditional logistic regression analyses. Results Among 23 655 patients hospitalized following MI, we identified 1247 patients readmitted for MI. Among clopidogrel users, current PPI use was associated with an increased risk of recurrent MI (OR: 1.62, 95% CI: 1.15-2.27) when compared with no PPI use, but not when compared with past PPI use (OR: 0.95, 95% CI: 0.38-2.41). Among clopidogrel non-users, current PPI use was associated with an increased risk of recurrent MI (OR: 1.38, 95% CI: 1.18-1.61) when compared with no PPI use. Conclusions The apparent association between recurrent MI and use of PPIs with clopidogrel depends on the design, and is affected by confounding by indication. The association is not present when (un)measured confounding is addressed by design.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)77-88
Number of pages12
JournalAlimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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