A major challenge for treating patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is the unpredictability of their prognoses due to high heterogeneity. We present Multi-Omics DEep Learning for Prognosis-correlated subtyping (MODEL-P) to identify PDAC subtypes and to predict prognoses of new patients. MODEL-P was trained on autoencoder integrated multi-omics of 146 patients with PDAC together with their survival outcome. Using MODEL-P, we identified two PDAC subtypes with distinct survival outcomes (median survival 10.1 and 22.7 months, respectively, log rank p = 1 × 10−6), which correspond to DNA damage repair and immune response. We rigorously validated MODEL-P by stratifying patients in five independent datasets into these two survival groups and achieved significant survival difference, which is superior to current practice and other subtyping schemas. We believe the subtype-specific signatures would facilitate PDAC pathogenesis discovery, and MODEL-P can provide clinicians the prognoses information in the treatment decision-making to better gauge the benefits versus the risks.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by an unrestricted grant of Stichting Hanarth Fonds , the Netherlands. Graphical abstract was created using https://smart.servier.com/ .
© 2021 The Author(s)