Role of Lipid-Lowering and Anti-Inflammatory Therapies on Plaque Stabilization

Krzysztof L. Bryniarski*, Wijnand den Dekker, Jacek Legutko, Pawel Gasior, Jeroen Tahon, Roberto Diletti, Jeroen M. Wilschut, Rutger Jan Nuis, Joost Daemen, Pawel Kleczynski, Nicolas M. Van Mieghem, Ik Kyung Jang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Atherosclerosis is the predominant underlying etiopathology of coronary artery disease. Changes in plaque phenotype from stable to high risk may spur future major adverse cardiac events (MACE). Different pharmacological therapies have been implemented to mitigate this risk. Over the last two decades, intravascular imaging modalities have emerged in clinical studies to clarify how these therapies may affect the composition and burden of coronary plaques. Lipid-lowering agents, such as statins, ezetimibe, and proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 inhibitors, were shown not only to reduce low-density lipoprotein levels and MACE but also to directly affect features of coronary plaque vulnerability. Studies have demonstrated that lipid-lowering therapy reduces the percentage of atheroma volume and number of macrophages and increases fibrous cap thickness. Future studies should answer the question of whether pharmacological plaque stabilization may be sufficient to mitigate the risk of MACE for selected groups of patients with atherosclerotic coronary disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3096
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume13
Issue number11
Early online date25 May 2024
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2024

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© 2024 by the authors.

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