In mice homozygous for the gene mutation for type I and type II macrophage scavenger receptors (MSR-A), MSR-A-/-, the formation of hepatic granulomas caused by a single intravenous injection of heat-killed Corynebacterium parvum was delayed significantly for 10 days after injection, compared with granuloma formation in wild-type (MSR-A+/+) mice. In the early stage of granuloma formation, numbers of macrophages and their precursor cells were significantly reduced in MSR-A-/- mice compared with MSR-A+/+ mice. In contrast to MSR-A+/+ mice, no expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, tumor necrosis factor-α, and interferon-γ mRNA was observed in MSR-A-/- mice by 3 days after injection. Also in MSRA-/- mice, uptake of C. parvum by Kupffer cells and monocyte-derived macrophages in the early stage of granuloma formation was lower and elimination of C. parvum from the liver was slower than in MSR-A+/+ mice. In the livers of MSR-A+/+ mice, macrophages and sinusoidal endothelial cells possessed MSR-A, but this was not seen in the livers of MSR-A-/- mice. In both MSR-A-/- and MSR-A+/+ mice, expression of other scavenger receptors was demonstrated. These data suggest that MSR-A deficiency impairs the uptake and elimination of C. parvum by macrophages and delays hepatic granuloma formation, particularly in the early stage.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Supported in part by Grants-in-Aid for scientific research from the Ministry of Education, Science, and Culture, Japan ( 08457071 and 09877048 ).