Role of negatively charged residues in the fifth and sixth transmembrane domains of the catalytic subunit of gastric H+,K+-ATPase

Herman G.P. Swarts, Corné H.W. Klaassen, Michel De Boer, Jack A.M. Fransen, Jan Joep H.H.M. De Pont*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

65 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

The role of six negatively charged residues located in or around the fifth and sixth transmembrane domain of the catalytic subunit of gastric H+,K+-ATPase, which are conserved in P-type ATPases, was investigated by site-directed mutagenesis of each of these residues. The acid residues were converted into their corresponding acid amides. Sf9 cells were used as the expression system using a baculovirus with coding sequences for the α-and β-subunits of H+,K+-ATPase behind two different promoters. Both subunits of all mutants were expressed like the wild type enzyme in intracellular membranes of Sf9 cells as indicated by Western blotting experiments, an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and confocal laser scan microscopy studies. The mutants D824N, E834Q, E837Q, and D839N showed no 3- (cyanomethyl)-2-methyl-8(phenylmethoxy)-imidazo[1,2a]pyridine (SCH 28080)- sensitive ATP dependent phosphorylation capacity. Mutants E795Q and E820Q formed a phosphorylated intermediate, which, like the wild type enzyme, was hydroxylamine-sensitive, indicating that an acylphosphate was formed. Formation of the phosphorylated intermediate from the E795Q mutant was similarly inhibited by K+ (I50 = 0.4 mM) and SCH 28080 (I50 = 10 nM) as the wild type enzyme, when the membranes were preincubated with these ligands before phosphorylation. The dephosphorylation reaction was K+-sensitive, whereas ADP had hardly any effect. Formation of the phosphorylated intermediate of mutant E820Q was much less sensitive toward K+ (I50 = 4.5 mM) and SCH 28080 (I50 = 1.7 μM) than the wild type enzyme. The dephosphorylation reaction of this intermediate was not stimulated by either K+ or ADP. In contrast to the wild type enzyme and mutant E795Q, mutant E820Q did not show any K+-stimulated ATPase activity. These findings indicate that residue Glu820 might be involved in K+ binding and transition to the E2 form of gastric H+,K+-ATPase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29764-29772
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume271
Issue number47
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1996
Externally publishedYes

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