Ruptured AAA: state of the art management

Daniël Eefting, Klaas Ultee, GCI von Meijenfeldt, Sanne Hoeks, S. ten Raa, Joke Hendriks, Frederico Bastos Goncalves, Hence Verhagen

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29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Since its introduction more than two decades ago, endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has become the primary choice for elective treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) in many medical centers. The (dis)advantages, including 30-day mortality and long-term survival, of both open and endovascular elective AAA repair have been studied extensively, including four randomized trials. On the contrary, the survival benefit of EVAR for ruptured AAAs is not as well established as in elective situations. In the absence of randomized trials, the best treatment modality for ruptured AAA has not been revealed. In this manuscript, we describe the design and (preliminary) results of recently completed and ongoing randomized trials. Furthermore, the trends in management and the results of the treatment of ruptured AAA in our tertiary center over a 20-year period are presented. In the last decade, a progressive increase in the proportion of patients managed by EVAR was observed. This increase was associated with an overall increase in the number of treated patients and, simultaneously, a decrease in the overall 30-day mortality (53% versus 39%) was seen when comparing the two last decades. The 30-day mortality rates were significantly lower in the patients treated with EVAR (24%) compared to open repair (52%). The survival advantage for EVAR after ruptured AAA persisted during the first 5 years after repair, but was lost after that period. The estimated 5-year survival was 44% and 39% for EVAR and open repair, respectively. These data support that endovascular repair is an effective and safe strategy as a primary treatment modality for ruptured AAA.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)47-53
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume54
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Research programs

  • EMC COEUR-09

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