Safety and feasibility of 2 h of normothermic machine perfusion of donor kidneys in the Eurotransplant Senior Program

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The 5-year graft survival rate of donor kidneys transplanted in the Eurotransplant Senior Program (ESP) is only 47 per cent. Normothermic machine perfusion (NMP) may be a new preservation technique that improves graft outcome. This pilot study aimed to assess safety and feasibility of this technique within the ESP. METHODS: Recipients were eligible for inclusion if they received a donor kidney within the ESP. Donor kidneys underwent 2 h of oxygenated NMP with a red cell-based solution at 37°C, additional to standard-of-care preservation (non-oxygenated hypothermic machine perfusion). The primary outcome was the safety and feasibility of NMP. As a secondary outcome, graft outcome was investigated and compared with that in a historical group of patients in the ESP and the contralateral kidneys. RESULTS: Eleven patients were included in the NMP group; the function of eight kidneys could be compared with that of the contralateral kidney. Fifty-three patients in the ESP, transplanted consecutively between 2016 and 2018, were included as controls. No adverse events were noted, especially no arterial thrombosis or primary non-function of the transplants. After 120 min of oxygenated NMP, median flow increased from 117 (i.q.r. 80-126) to 215 (170-276) ml/min (P = 0.001). The incidence of immediate function was 64 per cent in the NMP group and 40 per cent in historical controls (P = 0.144). A significant difference in graft outcome was not observed. DISCUSSION: This pilot study showed NMP to be safe and feasible in kidneys transplanted in the ESP. A well powered study is warranted to confirm these results and investigate the potential advantages of NMP on graft outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberzraa024
JournalBJS open
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jan 2021

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