Safety of [Lu-177]Lu-NeoB treatment: a preclinical study characterizing absorbed dose and acute, early, and late organ toxicity

Eline A. M. Ruigrok, Marjolein Verhoeven, Mark W. Konijnenberg, Erik de Blois, Corrina M. A. de Ridder, Debra C. Stuurman, Luisa Bertarione, Katia Rolfo, Marion de Jong, Simone U. Dalm*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Purpose The radiolabeled gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (GRPR)-targeting antagonist NeoB is a promising radioligand for imaging and therapy of GRPR-expressing malignancies. In the current study, we aimed to discover the target organs of toxicity and the radiotoxic effects to these organs, when repeated dosages of [Lu-177]Lu-NeoB are administered to healthy female and male mice. Methods Animals received either 3 injections, with a 7-day interval, of vehicle (control group 1), 1200 pmol [Lu-175]Lu-NeoB (control group 2) or 40 MBq/400 pmol, 80 MBq/800 pmol, and 120 MBq/1200 pmol [Lu-177]Lu-NeoB (treatment groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively). At week 5, 19, and 43 after the first injection acute, early, and late organ toxicity, respectively, was determined. For this, histopathological and blood analyses were performed. To correlate the observed toxicity to absorbed dose, we also performed extensive biodistribution and dosimetry studies. Results The biodistribution study showed the highest absorbed doses in GRPR-expressing pancreas, the liver, and the kidneys (the main organs of excretion). Both control groups and almost all animals of treatment group 1 did not show any treatment-related toxicological effects. Despite the high absorbed doses, no clear microscopic signs of toxicity were found in the pancreas and the liver. Histological analysis indicated kidney damage in the form of hydronephrosis and nephropathy in treatment groups 2 and 3 that were sacrificed at the early and late time point. In the same groups, increased blood urea nitrogen levels were found. Conclusion In general, repeated administration of [Lu-177]Lu-NeoB was tolerated. The most significant radiotoxic effects were found in the kidneys, similar to other clinically applied radioligands. The results of this study underline the potential of [Lu-177]Lu-NeoB as a promising option for clinical therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4440-4451
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Issue number13
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 11 Aug 2022


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