Self-Reported Executive Functioning in Young Adult Survivors of Childhood Bacterial Meningitis

Omaima El Tahir*, Julia Groenveld, Rogier de Jonge, Kim Oostrom, Sui Lin Goei, Jeroen Pronk, Anne Marceline van Furth

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Objective:

This study investigated executive functions (EFs) in young adult survivors of childhood bacterial meningitis (BM). These skills are important for normal development, and their potential vulnerability in early years suggests that childhood BM could affect executive functions in the longer term.

Method:

The adult self-report Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function was administered to 474 young adult survivors of childhood BM who participated in the 20|30 Dutch Postmeningitis study. Average scores were compared to population-norm group scores. Subgroup scores were compared according to causative pathogen and age at onset.

Results:

Young adult survivors of childhood BM scored lower on overall metacognition than the age-matched population norm group. Young adult survivors of childhood BM caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, S. agalactiae, or Escherichia coli had lower scores than cases caused by Neisseria meningitidis. Survivors with age-at-onset below 12 months had a higher (worse) overall EF score than survivors with age-at-onset above 12 months.

Conclusions:

Young adult survivors of childhood BM experience difficulties in EF. However, most of the self-reported EF scores were within the norm. Future studies need to additionally assess EF in adult survivors of childhood BM using performance-based tests.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Clinical Neuropsychology
Early online dateMay 2024
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 May 2024

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