Sentinel Node Tumor Burden According to the Rotterdam Criteria Is the Most Important Prognostic Factor for Survival in Melanoma Patients A Multicenter Study in 388 Patients With Positive Sentinel Nodes

Alexander Akkooi, ZI Nowecki, C Voit, G Schafer-Hesterberg, W Michej, JHW (Johannes) de Wilt, P Rutkowski, Kees Verhoef, Lex Eggermont

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Background Data: The more intensive sentinel node (SN) pathologic workup, the higher the SN-positivity rate. This is characterized by an increased detection of cases with minimal tumor burden (SUB-micrometastasis <0.1 mm), which represents different biology. Methods: The slides of positive SN from 3 major centers within the European Organization of Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Melanoma Group were reviewed and classified according to the Rotterdam Classification of SN Tumor Burden (<0.1 mm; 0.1-1 mm; >1 mm) maximum diameter of the largest metastasis. The predictive value for additional nodal metastases in the completion lymph node dissection (CLND) and disease. outcome as disease-free survival (DFS) and overall Survival (OS) was calculated. Results: In 388 SN positive patients, with primary melanoma, median Breslow thickness was 4.00 mm; ulceration was present in 56%. Forty patients (10%) had metastases <0.1 mm. Additional nodal positivity was found in only 1 of 40 patients (3%). At a mean follow-tip of 41 months, estimated OS at 5 years was 91% for metastasis <0.1 mm, 61% for 0.1 to 1.0 mm,and 51% for >1.0 mm (P < 0.001). SN tumor burden increased significantly with tumor thickness. When the cut-off value for SUB-micrometastases was taken at <0.2 mm (such as in breast cancer), the survival was 89%, and 10% had additional non-SN nodal positivity. Conclusion: This large multicenter dataset establishes that patients with SUB-micrometastases <0.1 mm have the same prognosis as SN negative patients and can be spared a CLND. A <0.2 mm cut-off for SLTB-micrometastases does not seem correct for melanoma, as 10% additional nodal positivity is found.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)949-955
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Surgery
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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