Serum Immune Profiling in Paediatric Crohn's Disease Demonstrates Stronger Immune Modulation With First-Line Infliximab Than Conventional Therapy and Pre-Treatment Profiles Predict Clinical Response to Both Treatments

Maria M.E. Jongsma, Léa Costes, Irma Tindemans, Martinus A. Cozijnsen, Rolien H.C. Raatgreep, Merel van Pieterson, Yunlei Li, Johanna C. Escher, Lissy de Ridder, Janneke Samsom*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Despite its efficacy, rational guidance for starting/stopping first-line biologic treatment in individual paediatric Crohn's disease [CD] patients is needed. We assessed how serum immune profiles before and after first-line infliximab [FL-IFX] or conventional [CONV] induction therapy associate with disease remission at week 52. METHODS: Pre- [n = 86], and 10-14-week post-treatment [n = 84] sera were collected from patients with moderate-to-severe paediatric CD in the TISKids trial, randomized to FL-IFX [n = 48; five 5-mg/kg infusions over 22 weeks] or CONV [n = 43; exclusive enteral nutrition or oral prednisolone]; both groups received azathioprine maintenance. The relative concentrations of 92 inflammatory proteins were determined with Olink Proteomics; fold changes [FC] with |log2FC| > 0.5 after false discovery rate adjustment were considered significant. RESULTS: FL-IFX modulated a larger number of inflammatory proteins and induced stronger suppression than CONV; 18/30 proteins modulated by FL-IFX were not regulated by CONV. Hierarchical clustering based on IFX-modulated proteins at baseline revealed two clusters of patients: CD-hi patients had significantly higher concentrations of 23/30 IFX-modulated proteins [including oncostatin-M, TNFSF14, HGF and TGF-α], and higher clinical disease activity, C-reactive protein and blood neutrophils at baseline than CD-lo patients. Only 24% of CD-hi FL-IFX-treated patients maintained remission without escalation at week 52 vs 58% of CD-lo FL-IFX-treated patients. Similarly, 6% of CD-hi CONV-treated patients achieved remission vs 20% of CONV-treated CD-lo patients. Clustering based on immune profiles post-induction therapy did not relate to remission at week 52. CONCLUSION: FL-IFX leads to stronger reductions and modulates more immune proteins than CONV. Stratification on pre-treatment profiles of IFX-modulated proteins directly relates to maintenance of remission without treatment escalation. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02517684.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1262-1277
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Crohn's and Colitis
Volume17
Issue number8
Early online date19 Mar 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2023

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© The Author(s) 2023.

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