Shaping EU agencies’ rulemaking: Interest groups, national regulatory agencies and the European Union Aviation Safety Agency

Rik Joosen*, Markus Haverland, Ewald de Bruijn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
118 Downloads (Pure)


EU agencies have become important regulatory venues. Initially established to provide expert advice, many have gained far-reaching decision-making and enforcement powers. This has attracted considerable attention from stakeholders, but the extent of their influence on EU agency conduct has remained a black box. We employ a novel dataset of 203 consultations (2007–2017) containing 26,468 attempts of stakeholders to change proposed regulatory rules by the European Union Aviation Safety Agency, as well as the agency’s response. This dataset allows for an original approach to measuring influence by linking influence attempts to rule changes. We found that business interests are far more influential than diffuse public interests. This has important implications for the legitimacy of EU agency stakeholder policies, as they are meant to make EU agencies more broadly accessible. National regulators are also influential in EU agency consultations, pointing to the unacknowledged importance of stakeholder consultations for EU-national regulator interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)411-442
Number of pages32
JournalComparative European Politics
Issue number4
Early online date13 Jan 2022
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jan 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank Caelesta Braun, Christel Koop, Sebastiaan Prin-cen, Dovilė Rimkutė and in particular Asya Zhelyazkova for their insightful comments. We also thank participants of the panels ‘Governing the political future of the European Union’ at the 2018 NKWP Politicologenetmaal, ‘Regulation, industry and civil society’ at the 2018 ECPR General Conference and ‘Responsiveness in legislative and regulatory policy making’ at the 2018 NIG Working Conference where previous versions of this manuscript were discussed. This work was supported by the Dutch Research Council (NWO) under Grant 406.17.557.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited.

Research programs



Dive into the research topics of 'Shaping EU agencies’ rulemaking: Interest groups, national regulatory agencies and the European Union Aviation Safety Agency'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this