Shifting paradigms in eligibility criteria for live kidney donation: a systematic review

Ali Ahmadi, Jeff Lafranca, LA Claessens, RMS Imamdi, J.N.M. IJzermans, M.G.H. Betjes, Frank Dor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As the organ shortage increases, inherently the demand for donor kidneys continues to rise. Thus, live kidney donation is essential for increasing the donor pool. In order to create successful expansion, extended criteria live kidney donors should be considered. This review combines current guidelines with all available literature in this field, trying to seek and establish the optimal extended criteria. Comprehensive searches were carried out in major databases until November 2013 to search for articles regarding older age, overweight and obesity, hypertension, vascular anomalies/multiplicity, nulliparous women, and minors as donors. Of the 2079 articles found, 152 fell within the scope of the review. Five major guidelines were included and reviewed. Based on the literature search, live kidney donation in older donors (up to 70 years of age) seems to be safe as outcome is comparable to younger donors. Obese donors have comparable outcome to lean donors, in short-and midterm follow-up. Since little literature is available proving the safety of donation of hypertensive donors, caution is advised. Vascular multiplicity poses no direct danger to the donor and women of childbearing age can be safely included as donors. Although outcome after donation in minors is shown to be comparable to adult donors, they should only be considered if no other options exist. We conclude that the analyzed factors above should not be considered as absolute contraindications for donation.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)31-45
Number of pages15
JournalKidney International
Volume87
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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