Short- and long-run macroeconomic impacts of the 2010 Iranian energy subsidy reform

Zahra Zarepour

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Abstract

This paper examines the short- and long-run effects of the 2010 Iranian energy subsidy reform on macro indicators including GDP and inflation. The subsidy reform, which consists of a simultaneous energy subsidy cut and a cash transfer to households, is not fiscally motivated but instead aims to reduce energy consumption. Using timeseries to analyse the dynamics of the macro variables in response to the subsidy reform elements (energy price increase, and cash transfer), this study reveals that the subsidy reform has a negative effect on the economy in the short- and mid-term, and the cash transfer to households does not fully compensate for this adverse effect. These results are robust and consistent across specifications. The main channel that transmits the effect of energy price to GDP is value-added of industry and service sectors. The long-run analysis rejects the existence of a long-run relationship between the energy subsidy reform and GDP. The findings indicate that the energy subsidy reform does not result in a reduction in energy consumption. These findings challenge the environmental aspect of the fossil fuel subsidy reforms as stand-alone policies without major reforms in the energy efficiency of economic sectors.
Original languageEnglish
Article number151
JournalSN Business and Economics
Volume2
Early online date7 Sept 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

JEL classification: C54 · Q48 · C22 · O53

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