Short- and Long-Term Mortality After Myocardial Infarction in Patients With and Without Diabetes

Sjoerd Nauta, Jaap Deckers, Martijn Akkerhuis, Ron van Domburg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE-To study temporal trends in short- and long-term outcome after myocardial infarction (MI) according to diabetes status. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS-We included all 14,434 consecutive patients admitted for ST-segment elevation MI or non ST-segment elevation MI at our center between 1985 and 2008. The study patients were compared according to prevalent diabetes. Temporal trend analyses were performed by comparing decades of admission (1985-1989 vs. 1990-1999 vs. 2000-2008). RESULTS-A total of 2,015(14%) of the patients had prevalent diabetes. The risk of presenting with diabetes increased from 8 to 17% from 1985 to 2008. Diabetic patients presented with a higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors. With time, the use of evidence-based therapies increased in both patients with and without diabetes. Diabetes is associated with it 1.5-fold increased risk of mortality at the 20-year follow-up. Ten-year mortality decreased over time in patients with diabetes, from CONCLUSIONS-Temporal mortality reductions after MI between 1985 and 2008 were at least as high in patients with diabetes compared with those without diabetes. However, long-term mortality remained higher in diabetic patients. Awareness of the high-risk profile of diabetic patients is warranted and might stimulate optimal medical care and outcome.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)2043-2047
Number of pages5
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume35
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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