Short term and long term results of patients with colorectal liver metastases undergoing surgery with or without radiofrequency ablation

M J van Amerongen*, E P van der Stok, J J Fütterer, S F M Jenniskens, A Moelker, D J Grünhagen, C Verhoef, J H W de Wilt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)


PURPOSE: The combination of resection and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) may provide an alternative treatment for patients with unresectable colorectal liver metastases (CRLM). Although the results in literature look promising, uncertainty exists with regard to complication risks and survival for this therapy.

METHODS: From January 2000 to May 2013, patients were included in a prospective multicenter database when treated for CRLM. Exclusion criteria were: two-staged treatment, synchronous resection of liver metastases and primary tumor, loss to follow-up or extrahepatic metastases. Patients were divided in a resection-only group (ROG) and combination group (CG). Outcome variables were retrospectively analyzed.

RESULTS: In CG, 98 patients were included versus 534 patients in ROG. There were no differences in general patient characteristics. Patients in CG had a higher Fong clinical risk score (CRS; P = 0.001), better ASA classification (P = 0.04) and received more neoadjuvant chemotherapy (P = 0.001). There was no difference in postoperative morbidity or 90-day mortality. The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) for CG and ROG was 25% and 36.1% (P = 0.03), respectively. For the 5-year overall survival (OS) this was respectively 42% and 62.2% (P = 0.001). On multivariate analysis, Fong CRS was a significant predictor for DFS. For OS, Fong CRS, ASA class IV and the combination therapy were significant predictors.

CONCLUSION: The combination of hepatic resection and intraoperative RFA is a safe procedure, without increase in postoperative morbidity or mortality. Combining RFA and resection in one session is a valid treatment option for patients who would otherwise be inoperable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)523-530
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Research programs

  • EMC MM-03-47-02-A
  • EMC NIHES-03-30-01


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