Short-term trajectories of workplace bullying and its impact on strain: A latent class growth modeling approach

Alfredo Rodríguez-Muñoz*, Mirko Antino, Paula Ruiz-Zorrilla, Ana I. Sanz-Vergel, Arnold B. Bakker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this weekly diary study was (a) to identify trajectories of workplace bullying over time and (b) to examine the association of each cluster with strain indicators (i.e., insomnia and anxiety/ depression). A sample of 286 employees during 4 weeks of data was used (N occasions = 1,144). Results of latent class growth modeling showed that 3 trajectories could be identified: a nonbullying trajectory, which comprised 90.9% of the sample; an inverted U trajectory; and a delayed increase bullying trajectory; the latter two each had 4.2% of the participants. We found a significant interaction between time and trajectories when predicting insomnia and anxiety/depression, with each strain showing a differential pattern with each trajectory. It seems that the negative effects on insomnia are long-lasting and remain after bullying has already decreased. In the case of anxiety and depression, when bullying decreases strain indicators also decrease. In this study, by examining trajectories of bullying at work over time and their associations with strain, we provide new insights into the temporal dynamics of workplace bullying.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-356
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Occupational Health Psychology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by Grant PSI2017-83465-P by the Spanish Department of Science and Innovation (Ministerio de Ciencia e Inno-vación).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 American Psychological Association.


Dive into the research topics of 'Short-term trajectories of workplace bullying and its impact on strain: A latent class growth modeling approach'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this