Social disorganization, social capital, collective efficacy and the spatial distribution of crime and offenders

Gerben J.N. Bruinsma, Lieven J.R. Pauwels, Frank M. Weerman, Wim Bernasco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Six different social disorganization models of neighbourhood crime and offender rates were tested using data from multiple sources in the city of The Hague, in the Netherlands. The sources included a community survey among 3,575 residents in 86 neighbourhoods measuring the central concepts of the six models. The data were aggregated to ecologically reliable neighbourhood measures and combined with census data. Crime rates and offender rates were calculated on geo-coded police-recorded data on crimes and apprehended suspects. Spatial regression models were applied to test social disorganization theories in a Western-European city. The findings reveal that social disorganization models do not fit the data well, and indicate that crime rates and offender rates may be caused by distinct urban processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)942-963
Number of pages22
JournalBritish Journal of Criminology
Volume53
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013
Externally publishedYes

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