Social jetlag and related risks for human health: A timely review

Rocco Caliandro, Astrid A. Streng, Linda W.M. van Kerkhof, Gijsbertus T.J. van der Horst, Inês Chaves*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

62 Citations (Scopus)
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The term social jetlag is used to describe the discrepancy between biological time, determined by our internal body clock, and social times, mainly dictated by social obligations such as school or work. In industrialized countries, two-thirds of the studying/working population experiences social jetlag, often for several years. Described for the first time in 2006, a considerable effort has been put into understanding the effects of social jetlag on human physiopathology, yet our understanding of this phenomenon is still very limited. Due to its high prevalence, social jetlag is becoming a primary concern for public health. This review summarizes current knowledge regarding social jetlag, social jetlag associated behavior (e.g., unhealthy eating patterns) and related risks for human health.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4543
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 18 Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding: This study was funded by the SPR Programme of the Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) (grant S015012), the Dutch Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment (KV11.16), Worldwide Cancer Research (grant 16-1345, title: Social jet lag: a cancer risk factor?). This publication is part of the project BioClock, funded by the NWA-ORC programme of the Dutch Research Council (project number 1292.19.077).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// 4.0/).


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