Socioeconomic Status and Severity of Traffic Accident Injuries: A Cross-Sectional Study

Majid Babaei*, Shila Hasanzadeh, Habibollah Pirnejad, Iraj Mohebbi, Rana Hoseini, Zahra Niazkhani

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background and aims: Road traffic accidents are one of the serious public health problems in the world that need to be prevented. Socio-economic status is one of the important factors related to traffic accidents. The incidence and mortality rate of traffic accidents also vary between different countries and even within a country. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the severity of traffic accident injuries and socioeconomic factors. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study involving 310 drivers caring following an accident in Imam Khomeini Hospital in Urmia, Iran in 2020. The trauma severity scale of ISS ((Injury Severity Score) and the statistical model of rank logistic regression were used for this study. Results: Data showed a positive and significant relationship between the severity of injury and socio-economic factors including marital status (OR = 2.306, P = 0.024), education for high school (OR = 19.066, P = 0.013), and diploma (OR = 5.549, P = 0.011), household monthly income for 12.5 to 25 million Rials (OR = 4.87, P = 0.068), and for 25 to 37.5 million Rials (OR = 4.46, P = 0.079), occupation (OR = 2.491, P = 0.088), car monetary value for 0-550 million Rials (OR = 13.986, P = 0.001), and for 550-1100 million Rials (OR = 3.284, P = 0.016), as well the share of health care costs for 0-20% (OR = 22.389, P = 0.001) and for 20%-40% (OR = 3.664 P = 0.001), while there was not a significant association between the severity of injury and age (OR =0.889, P = 0.367), gender (OR = 1.391, P = 0.598), and monetary value of housing. Conclusion: The data indicate that there was a relationship between most of the socio-economic factors and the severity of injury. Based on the results, intervention programs on marital status, upgrading education, increasing monthly household income, improving working and occupational status, improving monetary value and car safety, and increasing the share of health and care costs in total expenditures are recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Article number25
JournalIran Occupational Health
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Apr 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding:
Urmia University of Medical Sciences
The present study was approved by a Research ethics committee of Urmia
University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran (IR.UMSU.REC.1400.206).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Iran University of Medical Sciences. All rights reserved.

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