Somatostatin receptor expression in thymic tumors

D Ferone, L Montella, A De Chiara, Leo Hofland, S.W.J. Lamberts, G Palmieri

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Abstract

Detection of thymic tumors by [In-111-DTPA(0)] octreotide scintigraphy and the antitumor effect exerted by somatostatin (SS) analogs suggest significant expression of SS receptors (SSRs) in these tumors. We measured SSR subtype (sst)(2A) and sst(3) expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in 14 thymic tumors previously studied by SSR scintigraphy (SRS). Scintigraphy showed significant [In-111-DTPA(0)] octreotide uptake in 13/14 tumors (tumor-to-background ratios: 1.4-to 6-fold). By IHC, 4 tumors were positive for sst(2A) and sst(3); two for sst(2A) and five tumors for sst(3). Three tumors were completely negative. Overall, 11/14 (approximately 78% of cases) expressed at least one SSR subtype. Staining was highly heterogeneous: sst(2A) was confined to malignant epithelial cells or within stromal structures, and sst(3) was predominantly associated with thymocytes. SRS provides immediate visualization of primary and metastatic lesions, while IHC reveals SSR subtype expression. This joined approach could help to select SS analogs beneficial for therapy.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)3304-3309
Number of pages6
JournalFrontiers in Bioscience
Volume14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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