Spatial structure and productivity in European regions

Wessel M. Ouwehand, Frank G. van Oort*, Nicola Cortinovis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)
70 Downloads (Pure)


Through an analysis of total factor productivity for European regions using an econometric identification strategy, we find that significant impacts exist for both urban size and structure. A larger urban size positively affects regional productivity. Polycentric urban structures have no directly identified impacts on productivity. We find that an interaction between urban size and polycentricity has a negative effect, suggesting that polycentric regions are unable to substitute for the economic urbanization externalities associated with a single large city. These findings have important implications for the European Union-wide policy agenda on urban development and regional productivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-62
Number of pages15
JournalRegional Studies
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank Paulo Veneri for data sharing and Ben Derudder, Evert Meijers, Martijn Burger and Alain Thierstein for valuable feedback on an earlier version of the paper.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


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