Spontaneous Delayed Sealing in Selected Patients with a Primary Type-Ia Endo leak After Endovascular Aneurysm Repair

Frederico Bastos Goncalves, Hence Verhagen, K Vasanthananthan, HJA Zandvoort, FL Moll, JA van Herwaarden

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Abstract

Objective: Direct additional therapy is advised for type-Ia endoleaks detected on completion angiography after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Additional intraoperative endovascular procedures are, however, often challenging or not possible, and direct open conversion is unattractive. The results of a selective, conservative strategy for patients with primary type-Ia endoleak has been analysed. Methods: This was a retrospective, single-centre study (UMC, Utrecht, NL). From 2004 to 2008, all patients with a primary type-Ia endoleak and suitable anatomy for EVAR, stentgraft oversizing >= 15%, and optimal deployment were included. Complications during follow-up were studied and all sequential CTA scans were reviewed. These were compared with the remaining patients, treated during the same period. Results: Fifteen patients were included.(14 male, median age 77, range 67-85) with a median aneurysm diameter of 60 mm (48-80), an aneurysm neck diameter of 26 mm (21-32), a neck length of 29 mm (11-39), and infrarenal angulation of 49 degrees (31-90). One patient suffered rupture 2 days after EVAR leading to the only AAA-related death. Eight of the 15 type-Ia endoleaks disappeared spontaneously on the first postoperative CIA, obtained within 1 week of EVAR. On the second postoperative CIA, obtained a median of 5 months (1-12) after EVAR, all remaining endoleaks had sealed. One recurrence occurred at 4.85 years. During a median follow-up of 3.3 years, there were five secondary interventions. Compared with controls, there were more secondary (or recurrent) type-1a endoleaks (13% vs. 4%), endograft migrations (13% vs. 3%), sac growths (33% vs. 16%), and secondary interventions (33% vs. 23%). None of these differences however, were statistically significant. Conclusions: All but one of the primary type-Ia endoleaks sealed spontaneously. Until sealing, the risk of rupture persisted, but subsequently only one recurrence of type-Ia endoleak was seen. In selected patients, a conservative approach for primary type-Ia endoleaks may be justified. (C) 2014 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)53-59
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Volume48
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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