Machine learning algorithms are a powerful tool in healthcare, but sometimes perform no better than traditional statistical techniques. Steps should be taken to ensure that algorithms are not overused or misused, in order to provide genuine benefit for patients.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We would like to thank M. van Bilsen for the figure and F. Liu for her valuable advice. V.V. wishes to thank D. Volovici for opening up the world of probability, statistics and machine learning.