Study design of PerfectFit@Night, a workplace health promotion program to improve sleep, fatigue, and recovery of night shift workers in the healthcare sector

Fleur van Elk*, Suzan J.W. Robroek, Sonja Smits-de Boer, Tessa A. Kouwenhoven-Pasmooij, Alex Burdorf, Karen M. Oude Hengel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
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Background: Healthcare workers need to be at work 24 h a day to ensure continuity of care in hospitals. However, shift work - particularly night shifts - can have negative acute and long-term effects on health and productivity due to disturbances in the circadian rhythm. Shift work is also associated with unhealthy lifestyle behaviors such as poor sleep hygiene and diet. The PerfectFit@Night intervention aims to improve sleep and recovery, and reduce fatigue, and therewith contribute to sustainable employability of healthcare workers. The current study describes the intervention and the evaluation and implementation. Methods: The study population will consist of healthcare workers, nurses and physicians, with night shifts in a large Dutch academic hospital. The intervention consists of individual and environmental intervention elements: i) an e-learning for healthcare workers to increase knowledge and awareness on a healthy lifestyle during night shifts, ii) a powernap bed to take powernaps during night shifts, iii) the availability of healthy food at the department during night shifts, iv) a workshop on healthy rostering at the level of the department, and v) individual sleep coaching among the high risk group. In a longitudinal prospective study, data will be collected 1 month before the start of the intervention, in the week before the start of the intervention, and three and 6 months after the start of the intervention. The primary outcomes are sleep, fatigue, and need for recovery. The implementation process will be evaluated using the framework of Steckler and Linnan. Cost-benefit analyses from the employers perspective will be conducted to understand the possible financial consequences or benefits of the implementation of PerfectFit@Night. Discussion: The feasibility and effectiveness of this workplace health promotion program will be investigated by means of an effect, process and economic evaluation. If proven effective, PerfectFit@Night can be implemented on a larger scale within the healthcare sector. Trial registration: Netherlands Trial Register trial number NL9224. Registered 17 January 2021.

Original languageEnglish
Article number779
JournalBMC Public Health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 18 Apr 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This paper is based on work funded by The Netherlands Organization for Health Research and Development (ZonMw project number: 555002010). The funding body has had no role in the design of the study, data collection, analysis, interpretation of data, and in writing the manuscript. Contact information: Anne Ballering, phone number + 31 70 3495 287, e-mail

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s).


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