[111In-DTPA-D-Phe1]-octreotide, a potential radiopharmaceutical for imaging of somatostatin receptor-positive tumors: synthesis, radiolabeling and in vitro validation

W. H. Bakker*, R. Albert, C. Bruns, W. A.P. Breeman, L. J. Hofland, P. Marbach, J. Pless, D. Pralet, B. Stolz, J. W. Koper, S. W.J. Lamberts, T. J. Visser, E. P. Krenning

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Somatostatin receptor-positive human tumors can be detected using radioiodinated analogues of somatostatin, both in vitro and in vivo. [123I-Tyr3]-octreotide has been successfully used in the visualization of somatostatin receptor-positive tumors by gamma camera scintigraphy, but this radiopharmaceutical has some major drawbacks, which can be overcome with other radionuclides such as 111In. As starting material for a potentially convenient radiopharmaceutical, a diethylenetriaminopentaacetic acid (DTPA) conjugated derivative of octreotide (SMS 201-995) was prepared. This peptide, [DTPA-D-Phe1]-octreotide (SDZ 215-811) binds more than 95 % of added 111In in an easy, single-step labeling procedure without necessity of further purification. The specific somatostatin-like biologic effect of these analogues was proven by the inhibition of growth hormone secretion by cultured rat pituitary cells in a dose-dependent fashion by octreotide, [DTPA-D-Phe1]-octreotide and non-radioactive [115In-DTPA-D-Phe1]-octreotide. The binding of [111In-DTPA-D-Phe1]-octreotide to rat brain cortex membranes proved to be displaced similarly by natural somatostatin as well as by octreotide, suggesting specific binding of [111In-DTPA-D-Phe1]-octreotide to somatostatin receptors. The binding of the indium-labeled compound showed a somewhat lower affinity when compared with the iodinated [Tyr3]-octreotide, but indium-labeled [DTPA-D-Phe1]-octreotide still binds with nanomolar affinity. In conjunction with in vivo studies, these results suggest that [111In-DTPA-D-Phe1]-octreotide is a promising radiopharmaceutical for scintigraphic imaging of somatostatin receptor-positive tumors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1583-1591
Number of pages9
JournalLife Sciences
Volume49
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Sept 1991

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