Supplemental oxygen strategies in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia after the neonatal intensive care unit period: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial (SOS BPD study)

Stephanie Balink, Wes Onland, Elianne J.L.E. Vrijlandt, Eleni Rosalina Andrinopoulou, Arend F. Bos, Peter H. Dijk, Lucas Goossens, Anthon R. Hulsmann, Debbie H. Nuytemans, Irwin K.M. Reiss, Arwen J. Sprij, André A. Kroon, Anton H. Van Kaam, Marielle Pijnenburg*

*Corresponding author for this work

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2 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Introduction Supplemental oxygen is the most important treatment for preterm born infants with established bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). However, it is unknown what oxygen saturation levels are optimal to improve outcomes in infants with established BPD from 36 weeks postmenstrual age (PMA) onwards. The aim of this study is to compare the use of a higher oxygen saturation limit (≥95%) to a lower oxygen saturation limit (≥90%) after 36 weeks PMA in infants diagnosed with moderate or severe BPD. Methods and analysis This non-blinded, multicentre, randomised controlled trial will recruit 198 preterm born infants with moderate or severe BPD between 36 and 38 weeks PMA. Infants will be randomised to either a lower oxygen saturation limit of 95% or to a lower limit of 90%; supplemental oxygen and/or respiratory support will be weaned based on the assigned lower oxygen saturation limit. Adherence to the oxygen saturation limit will be assessed by extracting oxygen saturation profiles from pulse oximeters regularly, until respiratory support is stopped. The primary outcome is the weight SD score at 6 months of corrected age. Secondary outcomes include anthropometrics collected at 6 and 12 months of corrected age, rehospitalisations, respiratory complaints, infant stress, parental quality of life and cost-effectiveness. Ethics and dissemination Ethical approval for the trial was obtained from the Medical Ethics Review Committee of the Erasmus University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, the Netherlands (MEC-2018-1515). Local approval for conducting the trial in the participating hospitals has been or will be obtained from the local institutional review boards. Informed consent will be obtained from the parents or legal guardians of all study participants.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere060986
JournalBMJ Open
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jul 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Lung Foundation Netherlands under grant number 4.1.17.162 and by Netherlands Organisation for Health Research and Development (ZonMW)—Efficiency Studies Programme under grant number 843 002 827.

Publisher Copyright: © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2022.

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