Supporting the self-regulated use of retrieval practice: A higher education classroom experiment

Marloes Broeren*, Anita Heijltjes, Peter Verkoeijen, Guus Smeets, Lidia Arends

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
121 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This study investigated whether an instructional intervention can increase students’ self-regulated use of retrieval practice in a higher education classroom environment. A lab-experiment by Ariel and Karpicke (2017) revealed that strategy instructions improved students’ self-regulated use of retrieval practice and subsequent test performance. Our goal was to determine whether these effects generalize to a classroom environment using key concepts from marketing communication. We compared two groups on their self-regulated use of retrieval practice using an online environment. An experimental group (n = 58) received strategy instructions on retrieval practice and a control group (n = 58) received neutral instructions. Instructions were provided during sessions 1 and 2; no instructions were provided in a third, transfer session, measuring self-regulated use of retrieval practice. In sessions 1 and 2, no significant differences between groups were found. In the transfer session, the experimental group tested themselves more (Hypothesis 1) and displayed a larger number of (correct) retrieval attempts per key concept (Hypothesis 2) than the control group. No correlations were found with performance (Hypothesis 3). With our experiment, we took a first step in supporting students in their self-regulated use of retrieval practice in a classroom environment with complex materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101939
JournalContemporary Educational Psychology
Volume64
Early online date27 Dec 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Authors

Research programs

  • ESSB PSY

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