Surgical morbidity in the first year after resection for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma

Anne-Marleen Van Keulen, Stefan Buettner, Marc G. Besselink, Olivier R. Busch, Thomas M. van Gulik, Jan N. M. Ijzermans, Jeroen de Jonge, Wojciech G. Polak, Rutger-Jan Swijnenburg, Bas Groot Koerkamp, Joris Erdmann, Pim B. Olthof*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
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Background: Surgery for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (pCCA) is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. The impact of surgery for pCCA may affect patients after discharge. The aim of this study was to investigate all morbidity and mortality during the first year after surgery for pCCA. Methods: All consecutive liver resections for suspected pCCA between 2000 and 2019 at two tertiary referral centers were included. All morbidity and mortality until one year after surgery was collected retrospectively, including readmissions and reinterventions. All recurrences within the first year were scored to calculate disease-free survival. Results: In 250 patients, the major morbidity rate was 61% (152/250), in-hospital mortality was 15% (37/250) and 90-day mortality was 16% (40/250). In the 213 discharged patients, 98 patients (46%) suffered 260 surgical complications. These complications required 185 readmissions in 92 patients (43%) and 400 reinterventions in 110 patients (52%), including 330 radiological (83%), 61 endoscopic (15%) and 9 surgical reinterventions (2%). One-year overall survival was 77% and one-year disease-free survival was 70%. Out of the 20 patients who died within the first year after discharge, 15 died of recurrent disease and 3 due to surgery related complications and 2 of unknown causes. Conclusion: Readmissions, reinterventions and complications are frequent throughout the first year after surgery for pCCA in tertiary referral hospitals. These adverse events warrants treatment of these complex patients in high expertise centers offering intensive perioperative care and close follow-up of patients after discharge.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1607-1614
Number of pages8
Issue number10
Early online dateOct 2021
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

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The authors report no conflicts of interest or relevant funding.

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